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Thursday, 27 November 2014

A Software testing is an inquiry i.e. conducted to provide the stakeholders with data about quality of the goods and services under test.

Top five software testing books:

1.       Software Testing
In this book it provides the information’s about all of the fields in software testing involving in web based testing or test automations. It is covers the usability, functional aspects, security & also the localization. It is provides the simple solutions instead of the using of intricate formula to define the testing methodologies. It gives the lower explanations but provides the complete guide for the new testers.
2.       Lessons Learned in Software’s Testing
In this software testing book it is must reads for the beginners. This book focuses’ on several common mistakes of peoples makes during the beginning of quality assurance jobs. In this book, this book can help you do your work more effectively. This book provides the resource for the test manager’s, developers or consultants. There is total no. of 293 chapters in this book & it’s not based on common explanation. Really it provides the live project’s signals which can be used for reduce the testing budget or to increase the capacity of a test team.
3.       Managing Testing Process: Practical Tools or Techniques for Managing the Hardware’s or Software Testing
In this book it provides the information’s about the test plans, good exercises of testing, test cases, or setting-up the objectives, concrete on the examples & illustrations accompanying all topics & also how to manage your test teams within count no. of resources. This book provides the many documents and explaining that how to initiates the testing projects or informs about the metrics in which performances of the testing operations can be tested. It’s helpful to either experts or novice testers.
4.       Implementing the Automated Software’s Testing: How to Save your Time &Lower Costs While Raising the Quality
In this book it provides the information’s about the automated testing & it covers requirements, identifying best practices, methodologies, automated testing life cycle, tools, and limitations, frame-work designs, reporting or automation types and Interfaces. It provides the cases for reducing the costs on testing & explains about the losses of automated testing procedures. The only the draw-back is it doesn’t provide much more information about the testing tools.

5.       The Agile Testing: A Practical Guide for Tester’s & Agile Teams
In this book it provides the explanation about the agile testing, four testing areas or organizational challenges. This book also tells about the exploratory testing, 10 testing principles, explains role and responsibility of software testers, test based development on unit-level, & the test automation strategies. It doesn’t provide the detailed unit-testing but functional testing of the higher scale is covered in this book. In this book, it gives the many of experiences based report’s as the compared to the technical information’s.
The Software testing helps to determine capabilities of software’s application & every application needs the different testing approaches.


Regression testing
A Regression testing is the part of testing carried out to ensure that the changes made in fixes & any growth of changes are not impacting antecedently (previously) working functionality. It’s executed after augmentation and the defect fixes in software & its environment. It can be arduous to determine how much retesting is needed, specifically near the end of development cycle.
In another words, A Regression testing is the activity of testing changes to the computer’s program to make sure that previous programming still works with new changes.
Types of the Regression Testing
There are mainly two types of regression testing:
1.       Regular Regression Testing.
2.       Final Regression Testing.
Regular Regression Testing:
Regular Regression testing is complete between the test cycles & to ensure that the defects fixes that are done & functionality that were the working with earlier test cycle continue with the work.
Final Regression Testing:
Final regression testing is performing to validate the builds that has not changed for the period of time. This build is deployed and shipped to customers.
A quick guide helps you in a systemized regression testing:
a.       Allocates the time for testing. As the time is the first duress (constraints) for all software testers, they have to be proficient enough to provide for the sufficient coverage of all software’s fields in short time.
b.      Fix all the contributing factors. There are the cases when even with it is the defects fixed and the product does not operate as intended. This often caused by developer’s failures and to fix root the issues of defects and fixing just secondary ones. Therefore, it is very critical to find all the causative factors to fix them before the rest.
c.       Be mindful with fixed bugs. Seldom, when the developers fix the definite bugs, they may the cause of new ones that can go un-noticed. That is why, when executing regression tests, testers should be alert or vigilant.
d.      Points on the functional aspects. During the regression testing only those issues affecting application’s functionality should be taken into idea. Design the aspects that are equally vital, however in most of cases you should not spend the time on them.
e.      Builds you’re regression tests suite. Creating such the suites is helpful in order to exposes the bug’s when software is re-tested.


Methodologies of regression testing:
The test methodology for the regression testing:
1.       Understanding criteria to selects the test cases for Regression Testing.
2.       Prioritization of the test cases.
3.       Methodology for select the test cases.
4.       Re-setting test cases for the test run.
5.       Concluding the outcome of a regression test cycle
Benefits of regression testing:
1.       A Regression testing increases the chances of detecting the bugs caused through the changes to a software & application both enhancements and defect fixes.
2.       A Regression testing is also detects the un-desirable side caused always through the changing of the operating environments.

3.       Set about regression tests is too useful for a new path about doing the integration testing. This is the new mode is quite faster or little confusing than old path about doing the integration testing.

Tuesday, 25 November 2014

Here are the major areas where tester’s technical skills are specifically in demand today’s.
1.       Cloud Computing
Cloud computing enables us to utilize the cloud functionality. In the cloud computing testers requires to verify, if that the cloud service functionality supports that the business procedures correctly, but they also requires to executes the technical tests checking correct integration of a service with beforehand existing in the systems. The integrations of the variable systems, as it’s seen, requires the testers to be competent of read technical logging, stubs, utilizing the drivers, mocks or other tools. In general cloud computing is a computing in which big groups of remote servers are networked to allows the centralized data storage or online access to the computer services and resources.
2.       Agile Development
Another requiring of the technical testing’s skills is Agile. In multidisciplinary teams testers & developers get closer, what implies that more technical communication or discussions. A direct communication between two functions increases due to the use of less documentation. To ensure that the good communication testers requires to have few development’s knowledge or vice versa. It promotes the adaptive planning, early delivery, evolutionary developments, and continuous improvement or encourages intense or flexible response for change.
3.       Test Automation
The incremental or iterative characters of agile demands more frequent a regression tests run which is delivered through test automation. While using the test automation, in turns the technical skills are also needed from the tester’s to monitor the services in production. The test automation maintenance the uses of different tools that the testers needed not only use, but understood or implemented as well as. So the require for tester’s technical skills here is growing respectively. In the software testing, test automation is use of special software (separates from software’s being tested) to manage the execution of tests or the comparison of sterling results with predicted results. The test automation can automates the some repetitive but necessary works in a formalized testing activity already in place, and add additional testing that would be arduous to perform manually.

Qualities of technical testers
The top qualities of technical testers are:
1.       Attention with the details
Identifying the clear issues is easy, but where your specialization as a software tester indeed comes in is identifying the bugs that are not quite as obvious. Often times it is the small stuff that can have a pretty grave trickledown effect on a whole application.

2.       Ability for communication
The communication is either verbal or written it is a crucial skill to have since you will find yourselves in close contacts with developers or business analysts & the other major stakeholder in the project. It is your jobs to ensure you understand the needs and can describe the test criteria’s, & are able to explains how to re-create issues.
3.       Willingness to learn
The software development or testing is the evolving the industry, so, as a software tester you require to be prepared or willing to keep-up with the latest technology trends.
4.       Prioritization skills
The prioritizing test that assesses the fundamental requirements or basic functionality to improves the efficiency or saves the time as-well-as efforts.
5.       Time Management

The working hand in hand with prioritizations, managing your time smartly is undivided in ensuring that you are being too effective as possible. Instead, balance significance with the urgency to help in better manage your time.
Bug Tracking System:
Bug tracking system & defect tracking system is the software that helps to keeps on track of reported software’s issues in the software development projects. It might be regarded as a type of issue or bug tracking system. Several bug tracking systems, such as those used through most open source software’s projects; allows to the end-users for enter the bug reports directly. And the other systems are used only internally in the company & organizations doing software development. Typically, bug tracking systems are integrates with other software’s project management applications.
The bug tracking system is usually a necessary element of a good software development infrastructure, or continues use of bug and issue tracking system is considered one of the of a good software team.
Top 4 Bug Tracking Systems:
Top most bug tracking software’s are explained below:
1.       Bugzilla
It’s used by several big open source projects for track their bugs.
For instance Apache development team, Linux kernel development team, GNOME development team uses the Bugzilla. A Red Hat is also uses in Bugzilla for track issues found in the Red Hat Distribution system.
Bugzilla is written in the language of Perl, & works on different databases involving MySQL or Oracle. The Bugzilla is a Web based common purpose of bug tracking & the testing tool originally developed or used by Mozilla project.
The Bugzilla released as open source software through Netscape Communication in 1998, it has been adopted through the variety of organizations for the use as a bug tracking system for either free & open source software or proprietary projects & products.
Bugzilla Features:
a.       The Time tracking
b.      Add custom fields or workflows.
c.       Private attachment or commenting
d.      Flexible reporting or charting. Involving ability to scheduled reports & receive it by email.

2.       Scopidea
A  Scopidea is complete Project management software for collaborated & distributed teams. It is an Online Project Management Software that gets your work done in one place. It helps for Bug Tracking, Document Management, Time Tracking or Invoicing & Estimate Management. SCOPIDEA is browser based, it provides for authorized user’s accessing from any place at any time.
Scopidea Features:
a.       Project management
b.      Time Tracking
c.       Invoice and Estimates
d.      Document Management
e.      Report
f.        Integration


3.       Mantis
A Mantis Bug Tracker is a free or open source, web based bug tracking system and it released under the terms of GNU General Public License version. The most usual use of Mantis Bug Tracking is for track the software defects. However, Mantis Bug Tracking is often configured through the users to serve as more common issues tracking system or project management tools.
Mantis issues tracking system is written in PHP, & works on different databases involving MySQL, MS SQL, or PostgreSQL.
Mantis Features:
a.       The Time tracking
b.      Source codes integration
c.       Issues relationship graphs
d.      Custom fields & workflow
e.      authorless access

3.       Redmine
A Redmine is a free & open source, web based projects management or the issue tracking tool. It handles the multiple projects & sub-projects. It features on per project wikis or forums, the time tracking, & flexible role based on access control. It involves a calendar& Gantt charts to aid the visual representation of projects & their deadlines. The Redmine integrates with the different versions to control the systems and involves a repository browser & diff viewers.
The Redmine is written and use the Ruby on Rails frameworks. It’s a cross-platform & cross-database or it is supports to 34 languages. It is a part from tracking the issues; it provides the full project management features.
Redmine Features:
a.       Project management including with Gantt chart
b.      Time Tracking
c.       Project Wiki
d.      LDAP Authentication

4.      Trac

A Trac is written in the language of Python. It is a part from issues tracking; it is also provides a wiki, & integration to sub-version. The web interfaces is very simplistic or it easy to use. This is also provides a project management feature’s involving the road-map or mile-stone tracking.
Features of Trac:

a.      A Account manager
b.      Email notification
c.       Customized the reporting’s
d.      Search engine for ticket’s
e.      project Managements

Wednesday, 19 November 2014

What is Test Plan?
A test plan is a document’s strategy that will be used to verify or ensure that a product & system meets the design specifications ir other needs. A test plan is generally prepared by & with significant input from test engineers.

Seven tips for writing a test plans:

1.)    Participations right from beginning:

It’s a good exercise to have the testers involved in each stage of the SDLC. It outcomes the testers can acquires the good understanding of applications under the test, as a outcome of tester can cover extensive test cases. In the requirement stage, testing’s projects needs can be a cost effective or useful to avoid the bugs subsequently. Early preparations of the test environment, thereby the preventing of any delays or unknowable risks will have to sufficient time to deal with. If it’s not possible to a part of these stages then asks you leads and manager to involve tester in decision making meetings.

2.)    Test early, test often:

 It has been observes that the most of error’s are identified in testing state which is beforehand introduced in requirement and design phase. Defects identified afterwards in SDLC that are costly (Expensive) to fix than defect’s identified in previous stage. So the testing should be start early to avoids introductions of defect’s in early phase.

3.)    Initiates testing with the positive centric set:

When you are initiates testing applications in positive attitude with the determination of bugs or errors in code. Initiates positive attitude and do not think of that there will be not bugs in the code

4.)    Use good metrics:

Metrics are crucial for more than one of the reason in software’s testing projects. Test of your software’s is one of the things or choosing right metric is another. Measuring the quality or making right decisions to another. Metrics are used to gets efficiency or productiveness over time. The quality purpose must be documented, measurable, re-viewed or tracked. Choose the metrics which are the simple to run or effective in environment. Make sure that select the metrics, such that:

a.           Schedules: test cases written and executed Vs timeline.
b.          Size: the lines of codes, and modules & test cases.
c.           Re-work: No. of tests cycles for the test bug fixes.
d.          Resources: Money spent, and hours of work.


5.)    Test cases writing nice, clear and descriptive bug report:

It will help to makes your software testing more efficient. It’s your skill, and how, you are handling the challenging of situations. Your endeavors towards writing the good bug reports will not save only company resource’s but also creates good relationships between you & developer’s. While reporting of bugs i.e. not only provide the indications of bug, but also provide the solution, if you can. Extra data must be provided along with the bugs like browser’s versions, login details, accurate steps to reproduce etc. This will helps to fix the evident problems quickly. Use reasonable bug’s report templates for reporting the bug.

6.)    Test cases are available for all team:

QA team is aware of the applications under test horizontally rather than vertically. When QA team writes test cases then make sure that’s you kept in mid locations from where each team can access test cases. Let’s developer analyse the test cases which helps to build high quality applications. Due to uncover of the all scenario’s which developers may be missing while coding, this will be help to saves the re-work time.

7.)    Increase communications with the developer to avoid the miss-understandings:

In daily stand up and meeting, discuss every points which ever un-clear and need some additional information’s. The face-to-face communication will re-solves the problem easily or quickly, that will helps to avoid any miss-understanding. Once you discuss about these steps, it should be communicated over e-mails as well as.



Static Testing
The simple static test is essential to detect the possible defects or errors during design stage of software applications & to verify in a precise modus or the various tasks for synthesis of program modules & the test plans. Some of activities that relate to the static testing involve desk checks, code inspections, or walkthroughs. You should also note that’s the static testing is conducted without need to execute the program. The software developer just requires to analyzing the data & the codes that are within program. One of important tasks of conducting the static testing is to search for the possible bugs in program. You can find the various bugs in software’s applications.
The two main activities of static testing are that:
·         Reviews
·         Testing with use of tools.
Review:
The Review activities of static testing can be formal & in-formal. The in-formal activities are used more often that formal, & in both cases, re-viewed document can be checked more than once. Another classification of re-view activities divides into three different groups:
·         Software walk-through.
·         Technical re-view.
·         Software’s inspection.
A Software walkthroughs & inspections are generally composite into peer’s re-views.
A Static testing with use of automated testing tool’s is effected prior of code run or help’s to inspect the design, code or other testing activities. This type of static testing that aims to checks the code of software’s & uses by the following tools:
·         Metrics of code.
·         Structure of code.
·         Code conformity with modern standards.

Benefits of Reviews:

·         Development productivity can be increased & time reduced.
·         Testing costs & time can be reduced through removing the main delays in test execution.
·         Reduction in life-time costs can be achieved.
·         Improved the communication outcomes as authors & discuss with peers.



Different objectives of re-views:

·         Finding Bugs
·         Generating discussions.
·         Gaining understanding.
·         Decision making by consensus.
Activities of formal Review:
The Reviews at more formal end of spectrum, such as technical re-views & inspections, share the certain characteristics of that different them from the less formal re-views of which walkthrough are a typical example.
Stages of formal reviews:
·         Planning
·         Re-view entry criteria
·         Kick-off
·         Review Meeting
·         Individual Preparation
·         Examine
·         Fixing Defects
·         Follow-up
·         Checking Exit Criteria
General role & responsibilities of different members in re-view team:
·         Manager
·         Moderator
·         Author
·         Re-viewers
·         Scribe


Systems development life cycle is also referred to as the application of development life cycle; it is a word used in system’s engineering information’s system or in software engineering to describe the procedure for planning, creating, developing, testing, or deploying information’s system. The system’s development life cycles concept applies to the range of hardware or software configurations, as a system can be buildup of hardware’s only, software’s only, & a combination of both.

7 Stages of testing life cycles:

1.       TEST PLAN
A Software testing should always initiates with establishing a well thought out of test plan to ensure efficient executions of whole testing process. Efficient test plans must involve clauses about of amount of work to be completed, deadlines or milestones to be met, methods of testing & other formalities like contingencies or risks.
2.       ANALYSIS
In this stage, a functional validations matrix is made. In house & offshore testing team analyzes requirements or test cases which are to be automated & which are to be tested by manually. At the time of this phase you will:
a.       Creates one un-ambiguous set of requirement’s that establishes an agreement between all of the stakeholders on what the system should do.
b.      Provides the developers & all of other stakeholders with clear understanding of the requirements.
c.       Defines boundaries of systems.

3.       DESIGN
If testing team has reached in design phase, it means that there is no confusion and miss-understanding of concerning test plan, validations matrix & test cases. At the Designing Phase, testing team makes appropriate scripts for automated test cases or generates the test data for both automated & manual test cases.
4.       DEVELOPMENT
In this phase scripting is provided. In distinctive cases of development stage, it also involves the unit tests or generating of performance & stress test plans. Generally, it happens when testing initiates together with the software development activity.
5.       EXECUTION
As soon as, the whole scripting has been made it is execution started. Testing team executes the unit tests, & then functionality tests. They identify the bugs on superficial level or report to the software’s developer. After that the extended testing is carried out. Execution section is completed when test or bug reports are made up.
6.       BUG FIXING
If the development team considers the fixing of the bugs, testing team has to re-test the software in the sequence to checks that no new bug has been created while fixing. The Bug Fixing is the least in "Requirement Gathering" section.  Which one is Top down approach?  So bugs are reduced in the preparatory phase.  Bug Fixing is high in last section i.e. "Release and Maintenance". Which one is the bottom up approach?
7.       SOFTWARE IMPLEMENTATION AND MAINTENACE

This is the final & last phase of software testing when each of the test cases is executed & all processes are carried out. The software is delivered for the end users, who tests it or reports if any bug can take place. Maintenance involves in all the activity after installation of software i.e. performed to keep system operational. Two major forms of maintenance processes are adaptive the maintenance or the corrective maintenance.

Friday, 14 November 2014

Fuzzing testing is a kind of Quality Assurance testing which includes in-putting some invalid information into program in order to see it for crashes or ensure its security.

1.      Special Builds
Builds of daily release are not good to Fuzzing since they lack of some significant features debug builds. Debug builds, for e.g., have a range of enabled memory in-validation routines. Another best thing in debug builds is assertion. While all of the assertion failures reports bug, few assertion types are in particular capable of indicating the security holes.
2.      Nocturnal Tests
If you want to bugs identified sooner, minds that nightly build directly corresponds to the mid Mozilla’s HG repositories, as well as always include the latest features ready for release. This offers the great chance for testing changes much sooner.
  1. Using Add-ons for Debug Functions
A definite function accessible in privileged contexts is very powerful only for automation testing. Amongst such instances are the garbage collectors of calling, Firefox quitting, and cycle collector applies. Luckily, there are available add-ons publically for this.
  1. Communications
Communications goes in amid with the outside harness or the executing in browser’s component is specifically important when testing browsers. When fuzzier executing inside the browser has just an out-side harness which is monitoring it, communication from fuzzier to harness is mostly help full for logging of each actions taken through the fuzzier so that they are more easy with reproduced.
  1. Multiple of Instances
Through the using of multiple profiles you may be in run parallel multiple Firefox instances on one of the host. You may specify the profile name in the command line. Remember that prefs.js file provided with Abuzz, it is also contains the some significant alternatives to be directly added into prefs.js file of the fuzzing profile you are using.
  1. Mini- indifference (Dumps)
It's not that the efficient for executes the Firefox under debugger for fuzzing. Through the means of mini dump stack walk tool, it is possible to obtain stack trace from indifference for further triage. A benefit of such an approach is it is working on all of the supported platforms.
  1. Automated test cases reductions

When your fuzzier find some trouble, often test cases appears very big & can span even the multiple files. It is the manual deficiency is tedious or waste of time, if this is the same process and easy to automate. For assertions or crashes, automation reasserts to be rather then easy. Browser’s fuzzing is a complicated effort.

Wednesday, 12 November 2014

Localization Testing:
The localization testing to checks, how well build has been translated into the special targeted language. It’s based on the outcomes of globalized testing where the functional supports for that the specific locale has already verified. If products is not globalized sufficient to supports the given language, you perhaps will not stab to localize it into that language at the first place. This testing has achieved a lot of pace or market shares in the nowadays of years’, thanks to independent software vendor’s who have been focusing on the global launch of their results. Amongst, Competitor’s forces that sufficiently prescribe the products launch and time to market it are a very important yardstick. 
While the testing is best practices, in common would apply for localization testing as well as, here is some cores are best practices specifically applicable for localization testing:
Build the Re-usability
 Re-usability bears the lots of importance specifically in this testing because there is a lot in general between mendacious localization testing & the localization functional testing. The test cases are written for seeming this testing can be largely re-used in the localization functional testing’s, with the changes built up to the test data.
Exercise due to the diligence filing in the localization bugs
The localization bugs differs from core product of bug’s in the English language in that, it might be distinguished for the language under test, it might be distinguished for a group of languages – e.g. the bug reproduced in every double-byte character set character’s set of languages. Tester’s should enforce due sedulity in isolating bugs rooted on scenarios under which, it’s reproduced, through which he and she helps developer perceive the issues hastily. It is also identical to the bug’s specific to Operating System’s Browser testing. Depend on the behaviour of bug; testers should decides whether to legwork every issue’s seen in same type of bug and file detached from bugs for each issue. 
Build an extensive optimized matrix to test
Identical for building the correct coverage matrix for test in Operating System’s Browser’s testing, building a matrix in testing, it is very vital since variable’s to test are large. In-fact, build a matrix is here and it is more complex than in oriented strand board testing since: the localization testing is touches upon both oriented strand board and places in the under test.  Understands the launched priorities of several markets involving markets shares, objectives the number of end user’s in each market, launched time lines etc. i.e. you can take on into accounts in the building of your test matrix. Also take into account the oriented strand board (OSB) usage distinguished to the target area.
Use the productivity tool
Since: the tester’s will needful to emulate the test data in several places, a preparation of the test data is specifically more than time wasting in localization testing. To build this test activity simple, more accurate or faster, the numbers are open source and free-ware productiveness tools are presents. It’s a good exercise for testers to use such tool to help expeditious the test activity.


Monday, 10 November 2014

Penetration testing
Penetration testing is one way to assess the security of the computer system and network, also that of online computing systems. This activity is carried out by simulating an un-authorized breach both through malicious outsiders as well as through insiders. The penetration testing activity generally includes a thorough analysis of system in order to find out confidential vulnerabilities in it, which a hacker could possibly take benefits.
Tools for penetration testing:
Meta sploit
It is the most advanced or famous Framework that can be used for penetration testing. It is based on the idea of ‘exploit’ which codes that can be surpass the security measures or enter in a certain system. If entered, and it’s executes a payload, a code that performs the manipulation on a target machine, thus creating the perfect frame work for penetration testing.
It is used in web applications, servers, networks etc. It has a command line or a GUI clickable interfaces, works on Microsoft Windows, Apple Mac OS X and Linux. This is a commercial product, although there might be the free limited trials available.
CORE Impact
It can used to test the mobile device penetration, network and network testament penetration, passwords identification or cracking etc. It has a command line or GUI clickable interfaces, and works on Microsoft Windows.
Nets parker
Nets parker comes with a robust web applications scanner that will identify weaknesses, suggest remedial task etc. This tool can be also helps to exploit the SQL injection or local file induction. It has a command line or GUI interface, works only on a Microsoft Windows.
Nessus
It is also a scanner or one that needs to be watched out for. It’s one of the most robust weaknesses identifier tools available. It specializes in a compliance checks, IPs scan, Sensitive data searches, website scanning etc. or aids in the finding of weak spots. It works on the most of environments.
Cain and Abel
If cracking the encrypted password’s and network central (keys) is what are you required, then Cain and Abels is a tool for that. It uses in network sniffing, Brute Force, Dictionary or Cryptanalysis aggression, cache un-covering or routing protocols analyzing the methods to instate this. This is exclusively to Microsoft operating systems.

Acunetix
This is essentially for a web vulnerability scanner targeted on web applications. It provides the cross site scripting testing, SQL injection, PCI compliance reports etc. along with the identifying a throng of the vulnerabilities.
Retina
As antagonistic to a certain application and a serve, it targets the entire environment at a special company and firms. It comes as a package known as Retina Community. It’s a commercial product & is more of the vulnerability management tool more than a penetration testing tool.
Canvas
Immunity’s CANVAS is the widely used tool that includes more than 400 exploits & multiple pay load options. Its render’s itself useful to web applications, networks, wireless systems etc.
Social Engineer Toolkit
Social Engineer Toolkit (SET) is the unique tool in terms of that the attacks are aimed at the human element than on system’s element. It has the features that let you send e-mails, java applets, etc. containing attack code. It goes without saying that, this tool is to be used very carefully or only for white hat reasons. 
N-map
Network Mapper by not necessarily a pen-testing tool, it is a must have for the ethical hackers. This is a very famous tool that predominantly aids understanding the characteristics of any target networks. The characteristics can involve services, host, OS, packet filters and firewalls etc.  It works on the most of environments or is open sourced.
Usability testing
Usability testing is technique that can be used in user centered interaction designs to evaluate the product through testing it on users. This can be seen as a stable of usability practice, since it gives the direct input on how present users use the system. Usability testing concentrates on measuring human made product's efficiency to meet it is intended purpose. Normally, recommend the person’s usability to testing in whenever possible.
5 Tips for Conducting a Mobile Usability Test

1.       Have the charger's ready:

The common battery life issues that fatality the cell phone users in general fatality mobile usability tests as well.  About 10 percent of our users run out of the battery during the perusal.  Having iPhone 4 or 5 chargers along with some Android chargers helps to keep the studies executing. It also does not hurt to have a backup Apple and Android phone ready as well.  We generally have the three devices charged or ready in case a participant forgets their phone, it has connectivity issues and has the problems using an application.

2.       Record finger’s, screens or bodies:

Unlike the desktop studies, where a screen recorder like go to the meeting will capture most of the salient processes, mobile screen recorder like Reflectors won't shows you user’s interacting with the device, just the effects of their activities.  You miss a lot of informative fat fingered misses, swipes and gestures as users attempt to navigate with the small mobile interface.  While recording the user's face or body are not as necessary, being able to see participant move with their phone along with the facial expressions can helps the capture those activity of de-light or frustration.

3.       Encourage the users to pick up their phone:

While it is likely the case of some users prefer a stable phone to interact with, few of the placements may be an artifact of the testing & you will want to minimize that favoritism during the study.

4.       Consider running a moderated mobile study:  

Simply a bit more than a year ago the best and only authentic way to observe a participant and use their mobile device was in persons.  Fortunately, technology has come out in the previous year from companies like User's Zoom or User's testing. Com that allow you to watch the users attempt tasks on mobile devices from anywhere in the world.  All of the advantages of                   un-modulated desktop testing apply here too easier recruiting the specialized or geo-graphically diversified users, & speedy collections of much larger sample sizes.

5.       Plan for different platforms:


Android is not as the same experience of iOS.  There are differences in screen sizes or UI conventions, navigation.  While we have to deal with the different browsers or the idiosyncrasies between PC’s or Mac’s for desktop usability testing, the difference between the mobile devices can be even more sub-stantial. Developers are not the only ones, who have to plan & account for these differences; usability experienced professionals also required to recognize & respond to the device or platform variations.

Saturday, 8 November 2014

Usability testing
Usability testing is technique that can be used in user centered interaction designs to evaluate the product through testing it on users. This can be seen as a stable of usability practice, since it gives the direct input on how present users use the system. Usability testing concentrates on measuring human made product's efficiency to meet it is intended purpose. Normally, recommend the person’s usability to testing in whenever possible.
Don’t be afraid to get your ideas out there
We have worked with a number of individuals launching new sites, or they all share the same anxiety of knowing, when they are prepared to start sharing their thoughts. That wants to keep tweaking this or before they even begin the testing activity. You can all save tons of time & effort by testing now or testing often that the way you will actually know what to change.
Have plenty of backup plans:
The test systems will go down, the user’s phone is too long-standing, you will forget to record, and the audio will fail, or the user will be late, & note taker will be sick etc.
Use everyone at disposal
This is a most important point for many reasons; all uses web in different ways, & have different experiences across all sites that they use. You will be amazed at the feedback you get or the different manners people’s think of using the same site that you would never have considered. And it is too free. What do you have to lose?
Pre-test:
Use any hot body then pre-test with the qualified users. For the first some usability session’s, you have to get the used to the task's and the system quirks. Be prepared to make changes, improvise or improve early in testing.
Writing technic is better than recording device:
They are quiet & quick. Used the customs software and excel sheets for record problems, comments or notes but sometimes the nonlinear format that does not need to power a click on keyboard work just fine.
Don't lead the user:
Even, if a user asks if  "did it right" or that are going down the wrong way & ask "is this right way" try or  recurve such questions through asking back "what would your tilt be" and " where would you go look for that?
Some advantages of usability testing:

Ø  This test can be modified to covers the many other types of testing such as testing, system integration testing, functional, smoke testing, unit testing etc.
Ø  Usability testing can be very parsimonious, if planned properly and yet highly effective or beneficial.
Ø  If proper resources are used, usability test can help in fixing all of the problems that user may encounter even before the system is at last released for the user. This may out come in better performance or a standard system.

Ø  Testing can help in discovering the potential bugs or potholes in the system which are generally not visible to the developers or even escape the other types of testing.

Wednesday, 5 November 2014

What is UI automation?
The UI Automation is the Application Programming Interface (API) that allows one to identify, access, or manipulate UI components of other applications. UI Automation applications can be written with the convincement that they will work on multiple frameworks. UI Automation core domino any differences in the frameworks that under lie the various pieces of UI.  Automating UI is an excellent way of getting habituated with both scripting & automations in general.
Calabash and how it is created?
This is a framework, and it is designed to automate the acceptance testing activity for mobile applications. It is built on Cucumber, a popular open source testing framework, & makes it possible to script of acceptance tests for mobile applications and Test Cloud or run against a large number of presents the mobile devices. The Calabash choice is pre-determined hence, it’s APIs, specialized on touchscreen device executing applications. Calabash will doing the testing & its calls will be done through Gherkin DLS Step definition files.
Create Tests with Calabash
Before start writing tests, we required to make the proper directory structure to house the tests or the supporting files for the tests. Calabash provides few helper commands to make the basic directory structure. These helpers are executing at the command from within the solutions directory. Once Cucumber directory structure is created, writing tests follows the general workflow:
Write the feature:
The developers or a subject matter expert’s works together to write the Calabash feature.
Run the feature:
The developer executes the feature that was created. It will fail because the points have not so far been defined. However, Cucumber will help us out through providing some code pieces that we can use to make the step definitions.
Create the Step‘s Definitions:
 Using the pieces of that Cucumber provided.
Explore the Applications using the Calabash Console:
 Not tightly necessary, this step includes starting up an instance of the Calabash console. Calabash console is the command line utility that allows us to issues commands to the Calabash test server communicating with our application.
What to actually do?
1.       Install calabash as well as Cucumber.
2.       Calabash will be using an internal server for interacting with your app its set up fine.
3.       Create few cucumber features. Including a command calabash iOS gen inside your iOS directory will be creating a sub directory for your features.
4.       Write the features like ones in the initiates of this post. Cucumber will run your feature’s as well as their scenarios.

5.       Any special features may be run through you as well as, arguments to Cucumber itself cucumber features and rename. Feature.

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